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Functions

Functions allow filtering based on properties of nodes or variables. Functions can be applied in the query root or in filters.

Note Support for filters on non-indexed predicates was added with Dgraph v1.2.0.

Comparison functions (eq, ge, gt, le, lt) in the query root (aka func:) can only be applied on indexed predicates. Since v1.2, comparison functions can now be used on @filter directives even on predicates that have not been indexed. Filtering on non-indexed predicates can be slow for large datasets, as they require iterating over all of the possible values at the level where the filter is being used.

All other functions, in the query root or in the filter can only be applied to indexed predicates.

For functions on string valued predicates, if no language preference is given, the function is applied to all languages and strings without a language tag; if a language preference is given, the function is applied only to strings of the given language.

Term matching

allofterms

Syntax Example: allofterms(predicate, "space-separated term list")

Schema Types: string

Index Required: term

Matches strings that have all specified terms in any order; case insensitive.

Usage at root

Query Example: All nodes that have name containing terms indiana and jones, returning the English name and genre in English.

{
  me(func: allofterms([email protected], "jones indiana")) {
    [email protected]
    genre {
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Usage as Filter

Query Example: All Steven Spielberg films that contain the words indiana and jones. The @filter(has(director.film)) removes nodes with name Steven Spielberg that aren’t the director — the data also contains a character in a film called Steven Spielberg.

{
  me(func: eq([email protected], "Steven Spielberg")) @filter(has(director.film)) {
    [email protected]
    director.film @filter(allofterms([email protected], "jones indiana"))  {
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

anyofterms

Syntax Example: anyofterms(predicate, "space-separated term list")

Schema Types: string

Index Required: term

Matches strings that have any of the specified terms in any order; case insensitive.

Usage at root

Query Example: All nodes that have a name containing either poison or peacock. Many of the returned nodes are movies, but people like Joan Peacock also meet the search terms because without a cascade directive the query doesn’t require a genre.

{
  me(func:anyofterms([email protected], "poison peacock")) {
    [email protected]
    genre {
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Usage as filter

Query Example: All Steven Spielberg movies that contain war or spies. The @filter(has(director.film)) removes nodes with name Steven Spielberg that aren’t the director — the data also contains a character in a film called Steven Spielberg.

{
  me(func: eq([email protected], "Steven Spielberg")) @filter(has(director.film)) {
    [email protected]
    director.film @filter(anyofterms([email protected], "war spies"))  {
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Regular Expressions

Syntax Examples: regexp(predicate, /regular-expression/) or case insensitive regexp(predicate, /regular-expression/i)

Schema Types: string

Index Required: trigram

Matches strings by regular expression. The regular expression language is that of go regular expressions.

Query Example: At root, match nodes with Steven Sp at the start of name, followed by any characters. For each such matched uid, match the films containing ryan. Note the difference with allofterms, which would match only ryan but regular expression search will also match within terms, such as bryan.

{
  directors(func: regexp([email protected], /^Steven Sp.*$/)) {
    [email protected]
    director.film @filter(regexp([email protected], /ryan/i)) {
      name[email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Technical details

A Trigram is a substring of three continuous runes. For example, Dgraph has trigrams Dgr, gra, rap, aph.

To ensure efficiency of regular expression matching, Dgraph uses trigram indexing. That is, Dgraph converts the regular expression to a trigram query, uses the trigram index and trigram query to find possible matches and applies the full regular expression search only to the possibles.

Writing Efficient Regular Expressions and Limitations

Keep the following in mind when designing regular expression queries.

  • At least one trigram must be matched by the regular expression (patterns shorter than 3 runes are not supported). That is, Dgraph requires regular expressions that can be converted to a trigram query.
  • The number of alternative trigrams matched by the regular expression should be as small as possible ([a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z][0-9] is not a good idea). Many possible matches means the full regular expression is checked against many strings; where as, if the expression enforces more trigrams to match, Dgraph can make better use of the index and check the full regular expression against a smaller set of possible matches.
  • Thus, the regular expression should be as precise as possible. Matching longer strings means more required trigrams, which helps to effectively use the index.
  • If repeat specifications (*, +, ?, {n,m}) are used, the entire regular expression must not match the empty string or any string: for example, * may be used like [Aa]bcd* but not like (abcd)* or (abcd)|((defg)*)
  • Repeat specifications after bracket expressions (e.g. [fgh]{7}, [0-9]+ or [a-z]{3,5}) are often considered as matching any string because they match too many trigrams.
  • If the partial result (for subset of trigrams) exceeds 1000000 uids during index scan, the query is stopped to prohibit expensive queries.

Fuzzy matching

Syntax: match(predicate, string, distance)

Schema Types: string

Index Required: trigram

Matches predicate values by calculating the Levenshtein distance to the string, also known as fuzzy matching. The distance parameter must be greater than zero (0). Using a greater distance value can yield more but less accurate results.

Query Example: At root, fuzzy match nodes similar to Stephen, with a distance value of less than or equal to 8.

{
  directors(func: match([email protected], Stephen, 8)) {
    [email protected]
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Same query with a Levenshtein distance of 3.

{
  directors(func: match([email protected], Stephen, 3)) {
    [email protected]
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Syntax Examples: alloftext(predicate, "space-separated text") and anyoftext(predicate, "space-separated text")

Schema Types: string

Index Required: fulltext

Apply full-text search with stemming and stop words to find strings matching all or any of the given text.

The following steps are applied during index generation and to process full-text search arguments:

  1. Tokenization (according to Unicode word boundaries).
  2. Conversion to lowercase.
  3. Unicode-normalization (to Normalization Form KC).
  4. Stemming using language-specific stemmer (if supported by language).
  5. Stop words removal (if supported by language).

Dgraph uses bleve for its full-text search indexing. See also the bleve language specific stop word lists.

Following table contains all supported languages, corresponding country-codes, stemming and stop words filtering support.

Language Country Code Stemming Stop words
Arabic ar
Armenian hy
Basque eu
Bulgarian bg
Catalan ca
Chinese zh
Czech cs
Danish da
Dutch nl
English en
Finnish fi
French fr
Gaelic ga
Galician gl
German de
Greek el
Hindi hi
Hungarian hu
Indonesian id
Italian it
Japanese ja
Korean ko
Norwegian no
Persian fa
Portuguese pt
Romanian ro
Russian ru
Spanish es
Swedish sv
Turkish tr

Query Example: All names that have dog, dogs, bark, barks, barking, etc. Stop word removal eliminates the and which.

{
  movie(func:alloftext([email protected], "the dog which barks")) {
    [email protected]
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Inequality

equal to

Syntax Examples:

  • eq(predicate, value)
  • eq(val(varName), value)
  • eq(predicate, val(varName))
  • eq(count(predicate), value)
  • eq(predicate, [val1, val2, ..., valN])
  • eq(predicate, [$var1, "value", ..., $varN])

Schema Types: int, float, bool, string, dateTime

Index Required: An index is required for the eq(predicate, ...) forms (see table below) when used at query root. For count(predicate) at the query root, the @count index is required. For variables the values have been calculated as part of the query, so no index is required.

Type Index Options
int int
float float
bool bool
string exact, hash
dateTime dateTime

Test for equality of a predicate or variable to a value or find in a list of values.

The boolean constants are true and false, so with eq this becomes, for example, eq(boolPred, true).

Query Example: Movies with exactly thirteen genres.

{
  me(func: eq(count(genre), 13)) {
    [email protected]
    genre {
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Query Example: Directors called Steven who have directed 1,2 or 3 movies.

{
  steve as var(func: allofterms([email protected], "Steven")) {
    films as count(director.film)
  }

  stevens(func: uid(steve)) @filter(eq(val(films), [1,2,3])) {
    [email protected]
    numFilms : val(films)
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

less than, less than or equal to, greater than and greater than or equal to

Syntax Examples: for inequality IE

  • IE(predicate, value)
  • IE(val(varName), value)
  • IE(predicate, val(varName))
  • IE(count(predicate), value)

With IE replaced by

  • le less than or equal to
  • lt less than
  • ge greater than or equal to
  • gt greather than

Schema Types: int, float, string, dateTime

Index required: An index is required for the IE(predicate, ...) forms (see table below) when used at query root. For count(predicate) at the query root, the @count index is required. For variables the values have been calculated as part of the query, so no index is required.

Type Index Options
int int
float float
string exact
dateTime dateTime

Query Example: Ridley Scott movies released before 1980.

{
  me(func: eq([email protected], "Ridley Scott")) {
    [email protected]
    director.film @filter(lt(initial_release_date, "1980-01-01"))  {
      initial_release_date
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Query Example: Movies with directors with Steven in name and have directed more than 100 actors.

{
  ID as var(func: allofterms([email protected], "Steven")) {
    director.film {
      num_actors as count(starring)
    }
    total as sum(val(num_actors))
  }

  dirs(func: uid(ID)) @filter(gt(val(total), 100)) {
    [email protected]
    total_actors : val(total)
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Query Example: A movie in each genre that has over 30000 movies. Because there is no order specified on genres, the order will be by UID. The count index records the number of edges out of nodes and makes such queries more .

{
  genre(func: gt(count(~genre), 30000)){
    [email protected]
    ~genre (first:1) {
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Query Example: Directors called Steven and their movies which have initial_release_date greater than that of the movie Minority Report.

{
  var(func: eq([email protected],"Minority Report")) {
    d as initial_release_date
  }

  me(func: eq([email protected], "Steven Spielberg")) {
    [email protected]
    director.film @filter(ge(initial_release_date, val(d))) {
      initial_release_date
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

uid

Syntax Examples:

  • q(func: uid(<uid>))
  • predicate @filter(uid(<uid1>, ..., <uidn>))
  • predicate @filter(uid(a)) for variable a
  • q(func: uid(a,b)) for variables a and b

Filters nodes at the current query level to only nodes in the given set of UIDs.

For query variable a, uid(a) represents the set of UIDs stored in a. For value variable b, uid(b) represents the UIDs from the UID to value map. With two or more variables, uid(a,b,...) represents the union of all the variables.

uid(<uid>), like an identity function, will return the requested UID even if the node does not have any edges.

Query Example: If the UID of a node is known, values for the node can be read directly. The films of Priyanka Chopra by known UID

{
  films(func: uid(0x2c964)) {
    [email protected]
    actor.film {
      performance.film {
        [email protected]
      }
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Query Example: The films of Taraji Henson by genre.

{
  var(func: allofterms([email protected], "Taraji Henson")) {
    actor.film {
      F as performance.film {
        G as genre
      }
    }
  }

  Taraji_films_by_genre(func: uid(G)) {
    genre_name : [email protected]
    films : ~genre @filter(uid(F)) {
      film_name : [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Query Example: Taraji Henson films ordered by number of genres, with genres listed in order of how many films Taraji has made in each genre.

{
  var(func: allofterms([email protected], "Taraji Henson")) {
    actor.film {
      F as performance.film {
        G as count(genre)
        genre {
          C as count(~genre @filter(uid(F)))
        }
      }
    }
  }

  Taraji_films_by_genre_count(func: uid(G), orderdesc: val(G)) {
    film_name : [email protected]
    genres : genre (orderdesc: val(C)) {
      genre_name : [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

uid_in

Syntax Examples:

  • q(func: ...) @filter(uid_in(predicate, <uid>))
  • predicate1 @filter(uid_in(predicate2, <uid>))

Schema Types: UID

Index Required: none

While the uid function filters nodes at the current level based on UID, function uid_in allows looking ahead along an edge to check that it leads to a particular UID. This can often save an extra query block and avoids returning the edge.

uid_in cannot be used at root, it accepts one UID constant as its argument (not a variable).

Query Example: The collaborations of Marc Caro and Jean-Pierre Jeunet (UID 0x99706). If the UID of Jean-Pierre Jeunet is known, querying this way removes the need to have a block extracting his UID into a variable and the extra edge traversal and filter for ~director.film.

{
  caro(func: eq([email protected], "Marc Caro")) {
    [email protected]
    director.film @filter(uid_in(~director.film, 0x99706)) {
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

has

Syntax Examples: has(predicate)

Schema Types: all

Determines if a node has a particular predicate.

Query Example: First five directors and all their movies that have a release date recorded. Directors have directed at least one film — equivalent semantics to gt(count(director.film), 0).

{
  me(func: has(director.film), first: 5) {
    [email protected]
    director.film @filter(has(initial_release_date))  {
      initial_release_date
      [email protected]
    }
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

Geolocation

Note As of now we only support indexing Point, Polygon and MultiPolygon geometry types. However, Dgraph can store other types of gelocation data.

Note that for geo queries, any polygon with holes is replace with the outer loop, ignoring holes. Also, as for version 0.7.7 polygon containment checks are approximate.

Mutations

To make use of the geo functions you would need an index on your predicate.

loc: geo @index(geo) .

Here is how you would add a Point.

{
  set {
    <_:0xeb1dde9c> <loc> "{'type':'Point','coordinates':[-122.4220186,37.772318]}"^^<geo:geojson> .
    <_:0xeb1dde9c> <name> "Hamon Tower" .
    <_:0xeb1dde9c> <dgraph.type> "Location" .
  }
}

Here is how you would associate a Polygon with a node. Adding a MultiPolygon is also similar.

{
  set {
    <_:0xf76c276b> <loc> "{'type':'Polygon','coordinates':[[[-122.409869,37.7785442],[-122.4097444,37.7786443],[-122.4097544,37.7786521],[-122.4096334,37.7787494],[-122.4096233,37.7787416],[-122.4094004,37.7789207],[-122.4095818,37.7790617],[-122.4097883,37.7792189],[-122.4102599,37.7788413],[-122.409869,37.7785442]],[[-122.4097357,37.7787848],[-122.4098499,37.778693],[-122.4099025,37.7787339],[-122.4097882,37.7788257],[-122.4097357,37.7787848]]]}"^^<geo:geojson> .
    <_:0xf76c276b> <name> "Best Western Americana Hotel" .
    <_:0xf76c276b> <dgraph.type> "Location" .
  }
}

The above examples have been picked from our SF Tourism dataset.

Query

near

Syntax Example: near(predicate, [long, lat], distance)

Schema Types: geo

Index Required: geo

Matches all entities where the location given by predicate is within distance meters of geojson coordinate [long, lat].

Query Example: Tourist destinations within 1000 meters (1 kilometer) of a point in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco.

{
  tourist(func: near(loc, [-122.469829, 37.771935], 1000) ) {
    name
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

within

Syntax Example: within(predicate, [[[long1, lat1], ..., [longN, latN]]])

Schema Types: geo

Index Required: geo

Matches all entities where the location given by predicate lies within the polygon specified by the geojson coordinate array.

Query Example: Tourist destinations within the specified area of Golden Gate Park, San Francisco.

{
  tourist(func: within(loc, [[[-122.47266769409178, 37.769018558337926 ], [ -122.47266769409178, 37.773699921075135 ], [ -122.4651575088501, 37.773699921075135 ], [ -122.4651575088501, 37.769018558337926 ], [ -122.47266769409178, 37.769018558337926]]] )) {
    name
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

contains

Syntax Examples: contains(predicate, [long, lat]) or contains(predicate, [[long1, lat1], ..., [longN, latN]])

Schema Types: geo

Index Required: geo

Matches all entities where the polygon describing the location given by predicate contains geojson coordinate [long, lat] or given geojson polygon.

Query Example : All entities that contain a point in the flamingo enclosure of San Francisco Zoo.

{
  tourist(func: contains(loc, [ -122.50326097011566, 37.73353615592843 ] )) {
    name
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response

intersects

Syntax Example: intersects(predicate, [[[long1, lat1], ..., [longN, latN]]])

Schema Types: geo

Index Required: geo

Matches all entities where the polygon describing the location given by predicate intersects the given geojson polygon.

{
  tourist(func: intersects(loc, [[[-122.503325343132, 37.73345766902749 ], [ -122.503325343132, 37.733903134117966 ], [ -122.50271648168564, 37.733903134117966 ], [ -122.50271648168564, 37.73345766902749 ], [ -122.503325343132, 37.73345766902749]]] )) {
    name
  }
}
curl -H "Content-Type: application/graphql+-" localhost:8080/query -XPOST -d '
blahblah' | python -m json.tool | less
package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
    
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2"
	"github.com/dgraph-io/dgo/v2/protos/api"
    
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
)

var (
	dgraph = flag.String("d", "127.0.0.1:9080", "Dgraph Alpha address")
)

func main() {
	flag.Parse()
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(*dgraph, grpc.WithInsecure())
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()

	dg := dgo.NewDgraphClient(api.NewDgraphClient(conn))
    
	resp, err := dg.NewTxn().Query(context.Background(), `blahblah`)
	
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("Response: %s\n", resp.Json)
}
import io.dgraph.DgraphClient;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc;
import io.dgraph.DgraphGrpc.DgraphStub;
import io.dgraph.DgraphProto.Response;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannel;
import io.grpc.ManagedChannelBuilder;

import java.util.Map;

public class App {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        ManagedChannel channel =
            ManagedChannelBuilder.forAddress("localhost", 9080).usePlaintext(true).build();
        DgraphStub stub = DgraphGrpc.newStub(channel);
        DgraphClient dgraphClient = new DgraphClient(stub);

        String query = "blahblah";

    
        Response res = dgraphClient.newTransaction().query(query);
    
        System.out.printf("Response: %s", res.getJson().toStringUtf8());
    }
}

import pydgraph
import json

def main():
    client_stub = pydgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080")
    client = pydgraph.DgraphClient(client_stub)
    query = """blahblah"""
    res = client.txn(read_only=True).query(query)
    print('Response: {}'.format(json.loads(res.json)))

    client_stub.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        main()
    except Exception as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e))

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("localhost:9080", grpc.credentials.createInsecure());
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.getJson()));

  clientStub.close();
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
const dgraph = require("dgraph-js-http");

async function main() {
  const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub("http://localhost:8080");
  const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

  const query = `blahblah`;
  const response = await dgraphClient.newTxn().query(query);
  console.log("Response: ", JSON.stringify(response.data));
}

main().then().catch((e) => {
  console.log("ERROR: ", e);
});
Response