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C#

An implementation for a Dgraph client in C#, using gRPC. This client follows the Dgraph Go client closely.

Tip The official C# client can be found here. Follow the install instructions to get it up and running.

Supported Versions

More details on the supported versions can be found at this link.

Using a Client

Creating a Client

Make a new client by passing in one or more GRPC channels pointing to alphas.

var client = new DgraphClient(new Channel("127.0.0.1:9080", ChannelCredentials.Insecure));

Altering the Database

To set the schema, pass the schema into the DgraphClient.Alter function, as seen below:

var schema = "name: string @index(exact) .";
var result = client.Alter(new Operation{ Schema = schema });

The returned result object is based on the FluentResults library. You can check the status using result.isSuccess or result.isFailed. More information on the result object can be found here.

Creating a Transaction

To create a transaction, call DgraphClient.NewTransaction method, which returns a new Transaction object. This operation incurs no network overhead.

It is good practice to call to wrap the Transaction in a using block, so that the Transaction.Dispose function is called after running the transaction.

using(var transaction = client.NewTransaction()) {
    ...
}

You can also create Read-Only transactions. Read-Only transactions only allow querying, and can be created using DgraphClient.NewReadOnlyTransaction.

Running a Mutation

Transaction.Mutate(RequestBuilder) runs a mutation. It takes in a json mutation string.

We define a person object to represent a person and serialize it to a json mutation string. In this example, we are using the JSON.NET library, but you can use any JSON serialization library you prefer.

using(var txn = client.NewTransaction()) {
    var alice = new Person{ Name = "Alice" };
    var json = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(alice);
    
    var transactionResult = await txn.Mutate(new RequestBuilder().WithMutations(new MutationBuilder{ SetJson = json }));
}

You can also set mutations using RDF format, if you so prefer, as seen below:

var mutation = "_:alice <name> \"Alice\" .";
var transactionResult = await txn.Mutate(new RequestBuilder().WithMutations(new MutationBuilder{ SetNquads = mutation }));

Check out the example in source/Dgraph.tests.e2e/TransactionTest.cs.

Running a Query

You can run a query by calling Transaction.Query(string). You will need to pass in a DQL query string. If you want to pass an additional map of any variables that you might want to set in the query, call Transaction.QueryWithVars(string, Dictionary<string,string>) with the variables dictionary as the second argument.

The response would contain the response string.

Let’s run the following query with a variable $a:

query all($a: string) {
  all(func: eq(name, $a))
  {
    name
  }
}

Run the query, deserialize the result from Uint8Array (or base64) encoded JSON and print it out:

// Run query.
var query = @"query all($a: string) {
  all(func: eq(name, $a))
  {
    name
  }
}";

var vars = new Dictionary<string,string> { { $a: "Alice" } };
var res = await dgraphClient.NewReadOnlyTransaction().QueryWithVars(query, vars);

// Print results.
Console.Write(res.Value.Json);

Running an Upsert: Query + Mutation

The Transaction.Mutate function allows you to run upserts consisting of one query and one mutation.

To know more about upsert, we highly recommend going through the upsert block documentation.

var query = @"
  query {
    user as var(func: eq(email, \"wrong_email@dgraph.io\"))
  }";

var mutation = new MutationBuilder{ SetNquads = "uid(user) <email> \"correct_email@dgraph.io\" ." };

var request = new RequestBuilder{ Query = query, CommitNow = true }.withMutation(mutation);

// Upsert: If wrong_email found, update the existing data
// or else perform a new mutation.
await txn.Mutate(request);

Committing a Transaction

A transaction can be committed using the Transaction.Commit method. If your transaction consisted solely of calls to Transaction.Query or Transaction.QueryWithVars, and no calls to Transaction.Mutate, then calling Transaction.Commit is not necessary.

An error will be returned if other transactions running concurrently modify the same data that was modified in this transaction. It is up to the user to retry transactions when they fail.

using(var txn = client.NewTransaction()) {
    var result = txn.Commit();
}
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