Single Host Setup
Run directly on the host
You can run Dgraph directly on a single Linux host. As of release v21.03, Dgraph no longer supports installation on Windows or macOS. To run Dgraph on Windows and macOS, use the standalone Docker image.
Run Dgraph zero
dgraph zero --my=IPADDR:5080
--my flag is the connection that Dgraph alphas would dial to talk to
zero. So, the port
5080 and the IP address must be visible to all the Dgraph alphas.
For all other various flags, run
dgraph zero --help.
Run Dgraph Alpha
dgraph alpha --my=IPADDR:7080 --zero=localhost:5080 dgraph alpha --my=IPADDR:7081 --zero=localhost:5080 -o=1
Notice the use of
-o for the second Alpha to add offset to the default ports used. Dgraph Zero automatically assigns a unique ID to each Alpha, which persists in the Write Ahead Logs (wal) directory; users can specify the index using the
Dgraph Alpha nodes use two directories to persist data and WAL logs, and these
directories must be different for each Alpha if they are running on the same
host. You can use
-w to change the location of the data and WAL directories.
To learn more about other flags, run the following command:
dgraph alpha --help.
Run Dgraph’s Ratel UI
Run using Docker
Dgraph cluster can be setup running as containers on a single host. First, you’d want to figure out the host IP address. You can typically do that via
ip addr # On Arch Linux ifconfig # On Ubuntu/Mac
We’ll refer to the host IP address via
Create Docker network
docker network create dgraph_default
Run Dgraph Zero
mkdir ~/zero # Or any other directory where data should be stored. docker run -it -p 5080:5080 --network dgraph_default -p 6080:6080 -v ~/zero:/dgraph dgraph/dgraph:v21.03.1 dgraph zero --my=HOSTIPADDR:5080
Run Dgraph Alpha
mkdir ~/server1 # Or any other directory where data should be stored. docker run -it -p 7080:7080 --network dgraph_default -p 8080:8080 -p 9080:9080 -v ~/server1:/dgraph dgraph/dgraph:v21.03.1 dgraph alpha --zero=HOSTIPADDR:5080 --my=HOSTIPADDR:7080
mkdir ~/server2 # Or any other directory where data should be stored. docker run -it -p 7081:7081 --network dgraph_default -p 8081:8081 -p 9081:9081 -v ~/server2:/dgraph dgraph/dgraph:v21.03.1 dgraph alpha --zero=HOSTIPADDR:5080 --my=HOSTIPADDR:7081 -o=1
Notice the use of -o for server2 to override the default ports for server2.
Run Dgraph’s Ratel UI
Ratel provides data visualization and cluster management for Dgraph. To get started with Ratel, use it online with the Dgraph Ratel Dashboard or clone and build Ratel using the instructions from the Ratel repository on GitHub. To learn more, see Ratel Overview.
Run using Docker Compose (On single AWS instance)
We will use Docker Machine. It is a tool that lets you install Docker Engine on virtual machines and easily deploy applications.
- Install Docker Machine on your machine.
Here we’ll go through an example of deploying Dgraph Zero, Alpha and Ratel on an AWS instance.
Make sure you have Docker Machine installed by following instructions, provisioning an instance on AWS is just one step away. You’ll have to configure your AWS credentials for programmatic access to the Amazon API.
Create a new docker machine.
docker-machine create --driver amazonec2 aws01
Your output should look like
Running pre-create checks... Creating machine... (aws01) Launching instance... ... ... Docker is up and running! To see how to connect your Docker Client to the Docker Engine running on this virtual machine, run: docker-machine env aws01
The command would provision a
t2-micro instance with a security group called
(allowing inbound access on 2376 and 22). You can either edit the security group to allow inbound access to ‘5080
, 9080` (default ports for Dgraph Zero & Alpha) or you can provide your own security
group which allows inbound access on port 22, 2376 (required by Docker Machine), 5080, 8080 and 9080. Remember port 5080 is only required if you are running Dgraph Live Loader or Dgraph Bulk Loader from outside.
Here is a list of full options for the
amazonec2 driver which allows you choose the instance type, security group, AMI among many other things.
- Install and run Dgraph using docker-compose
Docker Compose is a tool for running multi-container Docker applications. You can follow the instructions here to install it.
Run the command below to download the
docker-compose.yml file on your machine.
/data(you could mount something else) on the instance to
/dgraphwithin the container for persistence.
- Connect to the Docker Engine running on the machine.
docker-machine env aws01 tells us to run the command below to configure
eval $(docker-machine env aws01)
This configures our Docker client to talk to the Docker engine running on the AWS Machine.
Finally run the command below to start the Zero and Alpha.
docker-compose up -d
This would start 3 Docker containers running Dgraph Zero, Alpha and Ratel on the same machine. Docker would restart the containers in case there is any error.
You can look at the logs using