Report Issue Edit Page

gRPC Client

The official Dgraph client implementation for JavaScript (Node.js v6 and above), using gRPC. This client follows the Dgraph Go client closely.

Tip The official JavaScript gRPC client can be found here. Follow the install instructions to get it up and running.

Supported Versions

More details on the supported versions can be found at this link.

Quickstart

Build and run the simple project, which contains an end-to-end example of using the Dgraph JavaScript client. Follow the instructions in the README of that project.

Examples

  • simple: Quickstart example of using dgraph-js.
  • tls: Example of using dgraph-js with a Dgraph cluster secured with TLS.

Using a Client

Tip You can find a simple example project, which contains an end-to-end working example of how to use the JavaScript gRPC client, for Node.js >= v6.

Creating a Client

A DgraphClient object can be initialised by passing it a list of DgraphClientStub clients as variadic arguments. Connecting to multiple Dgraph servers in the same cluster allows for better distribution of workload.

The following code snippet shows just one connection.

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

const clientStub = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub(
  // addr: optional, default: "localhost:9080"
  "localhost:9080",
  // credentials: optional, default: grpc.credentials.createInsecure()
  grpc.credentials.createInsecure(),
);
const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

Connecting to Slash

Alternatively to the above, Slash users can create a DgraphClientStub by using the specialized method for Slash.

const dgraph = require("dgraph-js");
const grpc = require("grpc");

const clientStub = new dgraph.clientStubFromSlashGraphQLEndpoint(
  "https://frozen-mango.cloud.dgraph.io/graphql",
  "Your Slash Client API Key Here"
)
const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(clientStub);

Replace the GraphQL endpoint with the one obtained from your Slash admin Overview page, and create an Client API Key from your Slash admin Settings page.

To facilitate debugging, debug mode can be enabled for a client.

Altering the Database

To set the schema, create an Operation object, set the schema and pass it to DgraphClient#alter(Operation) method.

const schema = "name: string @index(exact) .";
const op = new dgraph.Operation();
op.setSchema(schema);
await dgraphClient.alter(op);

Starting Dgraph version 20.03.0, indexes can be computed in the background. You can set setRunInBackground field of the Operation object to true before passing it to the DgraphClient#alter(Operation) method. You can find more details here.

const schema = "name: string @index(exact) .";
const op = new dgraph.Operation();
op.setSchema(schema);
op.setRunInBackground(true);
await dgraphClient.alter(op);

NOTE: Many of the examples here use the await keyword which requires async/await support which is available on Node.js >= v7.6.0. For prior versions, the expressions following await can be used just like normal Promise:

dgraphClient.alter(op)
    .then(function(result) { ... }, function(err) { ... })

Operation contains other fields as well, including drop predicate and drop all. Drop all is useful if you wish to discard all the data, and start from a clean slate, without bringing the instance down.

// Drop all data including schema from the Dgraph instance. This is useful
// for small examples such as this, since it puts Dgraph into a clean
// state.
const op = new dgraph.Operation();
op.setDropAll(true);
await dgraphClient.alter(op);

Creating a Transaction

To create a transaction, call DgraphClient#newTxn() method, which returns a new Txn object. This operation incurs no network overhead.

It is good practise to call Txn#discard() in a finally block after running the transaction. Calling Txn#discard() after Txn#commit() is a no-op and you can call Txn#discard() multiple times with no additional side-effects.

const txn = dgraphClient.newTxn();
try {
  // Do something here
  // ...
} finally {
  await txn.discard();
  // ...
}

To create a read-only transaction, set readOnly boolean to true while calling DgraphClient#newTxn() method. Read-only transactions cannot contain mutations and trying to call Txn#mutate() or Txn#commit() will result in an error. Calling Txn.Discard() will be a no-op.

You can optionally set the bestEffort boolean to true. This may yield improved latencies in read-bound workloads where linearizable reads are not strictly needed.

const txn = dgraphClient.newTxn({
  readOnly: true,
  bestEffort: false
});
// ...
const res = await txn.queryWithVars(query, vars);

Running a Mutation

Txn#mutate(Mutation) runs a mutation. It takes in a Mutation object, which provides two main ways to set data: JSON and RDF N-Quad. You can choose whichever way is convenient.

We define a person object to represent a person and use it in a Mutation object.

// Create data.
const p = {
    name: "Alice",
};

// Run mutation.
const mu = new dgraph.Mutation();
mu.setSetJson(p);
await txn.mutate(mu);

For a more complete example with multiple fields and relationships, look at the [simple] project in the examples folder.

Sometimes, you only want to commit a mutation, without querying anything further. In such cases, you can use Mutation#setCommitNow(true) to indicate that the mutation must be immediately committed.

Mutation#setIgnoreIndexConflict(true) can be applied on a Mutation object to not run conflict detection over the index, which would decrease the number of transaction conflicts and aborts. However, this would come at the cost of potentially inconsistent upsert operations.

Mutation can be run using txn.doRequest as well.

const mu = new dgraph.Mutation();
mu.setSetJson(p);

const req = new dgraph.Request();
req.setCommitNow(true);
req.setMutationsList([mu]);

await txn.doRequest(req);

Running a Query

You can run a query by calling Txn#query(string). You will need to pass in a GraphQL+- query string. If you want to pass an additional map of any variables that you might want to set in the query, call Txn#queryWithVars(string, object) with the variables object as the second argument.

The response would contain the method Response#getJSON(), which returns the response JSON.

Let’s run the following query with a variable $a:

query all($a: string) {
  all(func: eq(name, $a))
  {
    name
  }
}

Run the query, deserialize the result from Uint8Array (or base64) encoded JSON and print it out:

// Run query.
const query = `query all($a: string) {
  all(func: eq(name, $a))
  {
    name
  }
}`;
const vars = { $a: "Alice" };
const res = await dgraphClient.newTxn().queryWithVars(query, vars);
const ppl = res.getJson();

// Print results.
console.log(`Number of people named "Alice": ${ppl.all.length}`);
ppl.all.forEach((person) => console.log(person.name));

This should print:

Number of people named "Alice": 1
Alice

You can also use txn.doRequest function to run the query.

const req = new dgraph.Request();
const vars = req.getVarsMap();
vars.set("$a", "Alice");
req.setQuery(query);

const res = await txn.doRequest(req);
console.log(JSON.stringify(res.getJson()));

Running an Upsert: Query + Mutation

The txn.doRequest function allows you to run upserts consisting of one query and one mutation. Query variables could be defined and can then be used in the mutation. You can also use the txn.doRequest function to perform just a query or a mutation.

To know more about upsert, we highly recommend going through the docs at https://docs.dgraph.io/mutations/#upsert-block.

const query = `
  query {
      user as var(func: eq(email, "wrong_email@dgraph.io"))
  }`

const mu = new dgraph.Mutation();
mu.setSetNquads(`uid(user) <email> "correct_email@dgraph.io" .`);

const req = new dgraph.Request();
req.setQuery(query);
req.setMutationsList([mu]);
req.setCommitNow(true);

// Upsert: If wrong_email found, update the existing data
// or else perform a new mutation.
await dgraphClient.newTxn().doRequest(req);

Running a Conditional Upsert

The upsert block allows specifying a conditional mutation block using an @if directive. The mutation is executed only when the specified condition is true. If the condition is false, the mutation is silently ignored.

See more about Conditional Upsert Here.

const query = `
  query {
      user as var(func: eq(email, "wrong_email@dgraph.io"))
  }`

const mu = new dgraph.Mutation();
mu.setSetNquads(`uid(user) <email> "correct_email@dgraph.io" .`);
mu.setCond(`@if(eq(len(user), 1))`);

const req = new dgraph.Request();
req.setQuery(query);
req.addMutations(mu);
req.setCommitNow(true);

await dgraphClient.newTxn().doRequest(req);

Committing a Transaction

A transaction can be committed using the Txn#commit() method. If your transaction consisted solely of calls to Txn#query or Txn#queryWithVars, and no calls to Txn#mutate, then calling Txn#commit() is not necessary.

An error will be returned if other transactions running concurrently modify the same data that was modified in this transaction. It is up to the user to retry transactions when they fail.

const txn = dgraphClient.newTxn();
try {
  // ...
  // Perform any number of queries and mutations
  // ...
  // and finally...
  await txn.commit();
} catch (e) {
  if (e === dgraph.ERR_ABORTED) {
    // Retry or handle exception.
  } else {
    throw e;
  }
} finally {
  // Clean up. Calling this after txn.commit() is a no-op
  // and hence safe.
  await txn.discard();
}

Cleanup Resources

To cleanup resources, you have to call DgraphClientStub#close() individually for all the instances of DgraphClientStub.

const SERVER_ADDR = "localhost:9080";
const SERVER_CREDENTIALS = grpc.credentials.createInsecure();

// Create instances of DgraphClientStub.
const stub1 = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub(SERVER_ADDR, SERVER_CREDENTIALS);
const stub2 = new dgraph.DgraphClientStub(SERVER_ADDR, SERVER_CREDENTIALS);

// Create an instance of DgraphClient.
const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(stub1, stub2);

// ...
// Use dgraphClient
// ...

// Cleanup resources by closing all client stubs.
stub1.close();
stub2.close();

Debug mode

Debug mode can be used to print helpful debug messages while performing alters, queries and mutations. It can be set using theDgraphClient#setDebugMode(boolean?) method.

// Create a client.
const dgraphClient = new dgraph.DgraphClient(...);

// Enable debug mode.
dgraphClient.setDebugMode(true);
// OR simply dgraphClient.setDebugMode();

// Disable debug mode.
dgraphClient.setDebugMode(false);

Setting Metadata Headers

Metadata headers such as authentication tokens can be set through the context of gRPC methods. Below is an example of how to set a header named “auth-token”.

// The following piece of code shows how one can set metadata with
// auth-token, to allow Alter operation, if the server requires it.

var meta = new grpc.Metadata();
meta.add('auth-token', 'mySuperSecret');

await dgraphClient.alter(op, meta);
Continue the conversation on Discuss.